Body Condition Scoring

Scoring Chart

  1. 1. Emaciated
    Little muscle left
  2. 2. Very Thin
    No fat,
    bones visible
  3. 3. Thin
    Foreribs visible
  4. 4. Borderline
    Foreribs not visible. 12th
    & 13th ribs visible
  5. 5. Moderate
    Nether fat nor thin
  6. 6. Good
    smooth appearance
  7. 7. Very Good
    Smooth with fat over back and
    tail head
  8. 8. Fat
    Blocky. Bone over back not visible
  9. 9. Very Fat
    Tail buried and
    in fat


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Copyright © 2014
Angus Journal

University Resources

General Extension Information
Strategies to Rebreed First or Second Calf Cows

University of Alabama
Making Drought Related Beef Cattle Economic Decisions

University of Arkansas
Feeding Beef Cows Based on Body Condition Scores Early Weaning May Help Winter-Worn Cows and New Calves – 04/14
Nutrition and Feeding Spreadsheet Decision Aids
The Cow Size and Production Efficiency Relationship
Maintaining Herd Productivity During Drought

University of Arizona
Matching Forage Resources with Cow Herd Supplementation

Auburn University

Stockpiled Bermudagrass for Lactating Beef Cows

University of California Davis
Balancing Beef Cow Nutrient Requirements & Seasonal Forage Quality

Cornell University
Unveiling the Production Efficiency of the Beef Cow

University of Florida
Managing Cow Body Condition has Long-Term Impacts
Feeding the Cow Herd
Phase Feeding the Beef Herd for Improved Utilization

University of Georgia
High Forage Quality Important for Beef Cattle Nutrition
Body Condition Scoring Beef Cows


Iowa State University
Stretch Pastures in Drought Conditions

Kansas State University

Nutrition During Last Trimester Critical for Beef Cows

BCS Helps Plan Ahead for Cow Needs

Cost Effective Diets for Pregnant Beef Cows
Retain Short Breeding and Calving Season – 03/14
Cow Herd Nutritional Adjustments for Winter
Study Shows Benefits of Early Calf Weaning – 10/30/13
Early Calf Weaning may be Beneficial this Year
K-State Scientist Discusses Beef Cow BCS
Beef Cow Nutrition Guide
Feeding your cows by body condition

University of Kentucky

BCS Good Indicators of Herd Health

Preparing Cows for Breeding

Managing Body Condition to Improve Reproductive Performance in Beef Cows

Louisiana State University
Effects of Pasture Stocking Rate and Method on Cow-Calf Production
Breeding and Genetics

Michigan State University

Body Condition Scores are Great Tool for Beef Cow Herd

Fall Feeding and Management for Spring Calving Herds

Bale Grazing Popularity Continues to Grow
Check Beef Cow Body Condition to Improve Reproductive Performance – 06/19/13
Management Planning for Spring Calving Herd – 01/22/13

University of Minnesota

Cold Weather Cattle Care

Winter Feeding for Spring Breeding – 02/11/13

Preparing Cows, Calves for Winter

Reproduction Success in the Cow Herd

Mississippi State University
Body Condition Scoring Beef Cattle

University of Missouri

Replacement Heifer Management Considerations

Hay Baled Late Needs Supplements, But Test First
Condition Scoring Beef Cows
Feeding Wheat Straw
Body Condition Score Cows at Weaning
Links on Feed and Nutrition

Montana State University

Managing Cow Body Condition at Fall Working

Optimizing Reproductive Performance
Body Condition Scoring Cows
Should I Body Condition Score My Cows?

University of Nebraska
Keep an Eye on Cow Conditions
Livestock Production Decision Aids

Understanding the Nutrient Requirement of the Two-Year-Old Cow

Prepare the Cow Herd for Cold Weather

Do Cows Need Protein Supplements on Corn Stalks? – 11/01/13

Body Condition Scoring App: NUBeef-BCS – 02/2013

Cow Selection Strategies that Complement Feed Resources
Profit Tip: Condition Score Cows Early
Manage Body Condition by Timing Weaning
What’s the Score in your Herd?

New Mexico State University
Range Beef Cow Supplementation Information & Strategies
Managing and Feeding Beef Cows Using BCS

North Dakota State University

Good Nutrition Vital for Pregnant Cows

Put Pregnancy Checking Information to Use
Management, Disease Assessment Good Cattle Insurance

Thin Cows? Pre-Breeding Nutritional Push Helps

Age and Weight are Cow Herd Dynamics

Cull Deep Enough to Find the Freeloaders

Do the Cows fit the Operation? — 05/14
Window of Opportunity for Thin Cows — 10/13/13
Let Grass, Cows be Guide when Weaning — 09/25/13
2012 North Dakota Beef Report
Wean the Calf, Salvage the Cow
Winter Management of the Beef Cow Herd
Third Trimester and Post-Partum Nutrition
Fall Cow Care is Vital
Using the Net Energy System to Improve BCS
Consequences of Underfeeding Cows
Body Condition Scoring I:
Managing Your Cow Herd Through Body Condition Scoring

Ohio State University
Beware of Cold Winter's Impact on Calving, Lactation – 03/3/14
A Time to Cull — 10/02/2013
May Need to Supplement Feed to Ensure Successful, Productive Calving Season
Ohio Beef Herd Management Calendar
Winter Cold Stress on Cattle
Beef Cow Nutrition
Scoring Cows can Improve Profits
Maximizing Fall and Winter Grazing of Beef Cows and Stocker Cattle

Oklahoma State University
Don't Let 'em Slip
Proper Cow Culling
Better Body Conditions can Raise Value of Cull Cows
Late Summer Supplementation with Protein for Thin Cows – 08/05/2013
Try to Avoid Body Condition Loss Now
Early Weaning Spring-Born Calves
Flushing Beef Cattle
Winter Feeding Your Beef Cow Herd
Body Condition Scoring of Beef Cows
Limit feeding concentrate diets to beef cows

Oregon State University
Influence of Cow BCS and Late Gestation Supplementation

Purdue University

Producers must Address Cold Stress in Herds

Body Condition Monitoring Important for Producers – 04/25/13
Body Condition Important into Spring
Feeding Beef Cows Based on BCS
Impact of Body Condition at Calving on Reproductive Productivity in Beef Cattle
What’s Behind the Buzz on Condition Scoring?

South Dakota State University

Can You Make a Cow Deliver Better Colostrum?

Body Condition an Important Focus

Why all the Fuss about Body Condition?

Is Hay Still the Best Choice to Winter cows?

Tips on Managing Forage, Water & Cattle Resources — 03/22/13
Heat Stress' Reproductive Ramifications
Fall Calving Following a Drought
Estrous Synchronization Protocols for Beef Cows
Get Late Calving Cows Back on Track
Beef Cow Nutrition During Calving and Early Lactation
Get Cows Back in Shape While Cost Effective
Last Chance to Check Body Condition

University of Tennessee
Baled Corn Stover – Potential Winter Feed
Make BCS a Routine Practice

Texas A&M University
Researchers Explore Nutritional Strategies to Time Puberty Onset in Replacement Heifers – 02/11/13
Rebuilding Cow Herds after Drought

Utah State University
Use of Kochia for Fall/Winter Grazing

Virginia Tech
Winter Hangover/Body Condition Score Carryover Effects
Body Condition Scoring Beef Cows 
Some Beef Cows in Critical Condition
Last Chance to Get Cows in Condition for Breeding
The Cow-Calf Manager

Washington State University
BCS Critical to Efficient Use of Feed Resources

West Virginia University
Wean or Sell Calves?

University of Wisconsin

Cow Condition at Calving can Impact Breeding – 04/04/2013
Considerations for Feeding the Beef Cow Herd in Winter
Body Condition, Nutrition and Reproduction of Beef Cows

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